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Timeline of WHOI's Sustainability Efforts



  • Weatherized 9 village campus buildings for increased energy efficiency.
  • Electrified Swift and Vincent House heating systems to decrease fossil fuel use.
  • Surveyed and repaired air leaks in Clark HVAC system for increased efficiency.
  • Implemented HVAC equipment scheduling campus-wide to coincide with occupancy.




  • LED light fixture installation completed. Now in all WHOI buildings.
  • Added additional Electric Vehicle Chargers for a total of 10. Two each at Shiverick, School St, David Center, Clark, and Clark South parking lots.
  • Installed Solar Panels on Meteor House roof. Now there are 5 on-site solar arrays at WHOI.
  • Increased Off-site Solar to 6 projects, totaling about 6 MW.
  • Continue to schedule energy audits and weatherization for campus buildings to increase energy efficiency.




  • Rooftop solar installation on the Fye + McLean buildings, totaling to 142 kw
  • LED light fixture installation- 6 buildings
  • Electric vehicle charging stations Installed at Shiverick Lot + Clark South Lot
  • Bike Loaner Program- ongoing
  • Bike Storage Units Built - Swift Barn, Green Container behind Clark, Carriage House Basement
  • Off-site Solar Program – 2 MW (Canton + Plymouth)



  • Redfield Lab Sterilizer Replacement Project receives $25,586 in rebate for energy reductions from National Grid
  • Blake Lab - HVAC controls upgrade for energy reduction
  • Clark Lab - 5th HVAC controls upgrade for energy reduction qualifies for $19,200 rebate from utility
  • Clark South Lab –controls and VFD installation for energy reduction, receives $77,000 rebate from utility
  • ESL – controls upgrade to match saltwater flow demand with supply
  • McLean Lab - AMS area HVAC replacement with high efficiency Cambridgeport unit
  • McLean Lab – new heat-reflective roof system with increased insulation
  • Carriage House – boiler replacement with high efficiency unit
  • Watson Lab – major controls and HVAC recommissioning, annual savings over $100,000 in energy costs and $78,762 rebate
  • LED Lighting – multiple LED lighting upgrades across the campuses


  • Fye Lab HVAC energy study
  • Clark Lab – LED lighting retrofit
  • several HVAC replacements for energy reduction
  • Oyster Pond Housing – boiler conversion to highly efficient natural gas burners



  • Bell House – installed energy efficient heat pumps and ac units
  • Many LED lighting retrofits
  • Major Warehouse – installed LED lighting and in row occupancy sensors
  • Smith Lab – installed VFD on chiller system for energy reduction
  • Central Energy Plant – installed burner controls and VFD on boiler plant
  • McLean Lab – Installed energy efficient HVAC unit for CFAMS area
  • Cape Light Compact awards $6,700 to WHOI for LOSOS energy reduction efforts


  • Blake Lab – enhanced HVAC controls for energy reduction
  • Clark Lab – upgraded to 5th floor HVAC controls for energy reduction
  • Clark South – upgraded to major HVAC units for energy reduction
  • ESL – upgraded controls for ESL salt water pump
  • Approximate energy savings for the above is $160,000


  • Geosecs warehouse office lighting retrofit, savings of $500/year
  • McLean Lab new air handler with fume hood exhaust heat recovery
  • LED lighting installed in new Remus and dive operations shops
  • Re-evaluating lighting projects for LED applications
  • Evaluating Chiller Plant Optimization Project from Siemens


  • WHOI opens LOSOS – a LEED Gold Facility
  • WHOI recycled 85,220 lbs of paper and cardboard (42.61 tons)
  • WHOI Recycling shifts to Single Stream Recycling of paper, cardboard, glass, bottles, cans, and plastics
  • Participated in major energy study with Cape Light Compact and National Grid
  • Installed New Air Handler at Fye Lab with energy controls and heat pipe recovery, savings of $14,000
  • Purchased new higher efficiency Welding machine, savings of $2,100/year
  • McLean Lab lighting retrofit, savings of $9,400/year
  • Fye Lab lighting retrofit, savings of $4,400/year
  • Clark air handler VFD and controls upgrade, savings of $38,000/year
  • Challenger House air sealing and insulation, savings of $700/yr
  • Clark Lab 405, installed LED lighting, 35% less energy than fluorescent
  • Installed 2nd high efficiency Liebert in-row AC unit in CIS Server Room
  • Biospecs Warehouse, conversion to high efficiency gas boiler
  • Stopped printing the WHOI phone book - directory available online only


  • WHOI recycled 110,800 lbs of paper and cardboard (55.4 tons)
  • WHOI’s cleaning contractor moves to Green Chemicals
  • Conducted compressed air survey of Smith and Iselin, savings of $16,000/year
  • Conducted heating steam trap survey in several buildings, savings of $30,000/year
  • Converted Redfield Boilers to hot water heating, new boilers save nearly $10,000/year
  • Gas conversion to high efficiency for 512, 514A, and 518 Winding Lane
  • RCRC – new high efficiency gas furnace
  • Quissett Facilities Building – solar domestic hot water installed
  • Co-op/Information Office, new high efficiency gas boiler installed
  • Installed high efficiency Liebert in-row AC unit for CIS Server Room
  • Instead of paper invitations, started WHOI events email distribution list to promote events at WHOI


  • Designing energy recovery systems for HVAC systems at Watson Lab and MRF
  • Evaluating the feasibility, design and construction of utility scale wind turbines on Quissett Campus
  • Participating in the governor’s Clean Energy Challenge in an effort to further reduce our energy consumption
  • Replaced Iselin air compressor with new scroll technology


  • Lighting: installed new, improved electronic ballasts in fluorescent fixtures throughout WHOI buildings
  • Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning:
    • Installed fume hood exhaust controllers on all fume hoods
    • Installed variable frequency drives on large electrical motors on process pumps and fans
    • Installed energy efficient boilers
    • Installed energy recovery equipment at ESL to capture waste heat from seawater
  • Windows: installed replacement energy efficient windows
  • Insulation: continued to add wall and ceiling insulation to buildings as opportunities are provided
  • Energy conservation and sustainability opportunities are considered and included to the extent possible in every Facilities project
  • Sustainability Task Force: established to involve passionate representatives from the greater WHOI community with energy reduction awareness, resource conservation and sustainability efforts


  • Lighting: installed new electronic ballasts and reduce the number of bulbs in all fluorescent fixtures throughout WHOI buildings
  • Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning: installed enthalpy controllers and other energy reduction controls to use “free cooling” when outside air conditions permit
  • Installed hot water reset on heating boilers to match needed boiler water temperature to changing outside temperature conditions


  • Lighting: occupancy control and time clocks were installed in various building to control lighting and reduce energy use
  • Heating System Control: time clocks were installed in various building to control operations and reduce space temperatures in unoccupied times
  • Energy Recovery Coils: designed and installed in Fye Lab to capture energy from exhaust air and transfer it to supply air to reduce energy consumption
  • Fume Exhaust Hoods: designed and installed “energy efficient” make up air fume hoods as this represented the current state of the art at that time


  • Lighting: reduction of lighting levels through WHOI buildings
  • Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning: reduced outside make up air volumes in large laboratories to minimum required standards
  • Insulation: added wall and ceiling insulation to those buildings without sufficient protection
  • Storm Windows: added storm windows in smaller buildings (residential style)
  • Energy Conservation Committee:  established to get greater WHOI community involved with energy reduction awareness and conservation efforts

1930 through 1960's

Few efforts were made to reduce energy consumption as utilities were plentiful and inexpensive