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Newspaper and Web Articles


Biello, D. (2017) Farm the Oceans to Help Stop Global Warming (Slate)

Tolleson, J. (2017) Iron-dumping ocean experiment sparks controversy (Nature)

Wang, B. (2017) Permit sought for iron fertilization off coast of Chile to boost fish (Next Big Future)


Omand, G. (2016) Controversial Haida Gwaii ocean fertilizing experiment pitched to Chile (CBC News) Editors (2016) Iron fertilization won’t work in much of the Pacific, says study (


Lee, J. (2013) The Haida Salmon Restoration Project: Dumping iron in the ocean to save fish, capture carbon (Climate Viewer) includes compiled article list detailed in section below


Lane, E. (2010). Experts at AAAS Forum Explore Controversial Geoengineering Ideas for Cooling the Planet

National Oceanography Centre, Southampton (UK) (2010). Ocean geoengineering scheme no easy fix for global warming (Science Daily)


Brahic, C. (2009). Hungry shrimp eat climate change experiment (New Scientist)

Brahic, C. (2009). Hacking the planet: The only climate solution left? (New Scientist)

Brahic, C. (2009). 'Climate fix' ship sets sail with plan to dump iron (New Scientist)

EarthTalk editors (2009). Quick fixes for climate change: Seeding the seas or the skies to dial down the planet's temperature (Popular Science)

Reilly, M. (2009). Ocean seeding fails the acid test (New Scientist)


Gunther, M. (2008). Dumping Iron: Climos wants to add iron dust to oceans to capture greenhouse gases from the air (CNNMoney)

Hooper, R. (2008). November 11, 2008 5:28 PM Geoengineering as a back-up plan (New Scientist)

Kintisch, E. (2008). Rules for ocean fertilization could repel companies (Science Magazine)

Thompson (2008). Carbon discredit: The future of the environment ? Hidden consequences (Popular Science)


Kintisch, E. (2007). Should oceanographers pump iron? (Science Magazine)

Pearce, F. (2007). Ocean pumps could counter global warming (New Scientist) 

Richtel, M. (2007). The energy challenge: Recruiting plankton to fight global warming (NY Times)

Young, E. (2007). Can 'fertilising' the ocean combat climate change? (New Scientist)


Jones, N. (2001). A risk too far (New Scientist)

Haida Gwaii Media Coverage

Media coverage compiled by Jim Lee of Climate Viewer in 2013, listed by publication date and type

Geo-engineering Violation. An illegal iron dumping project off the west coast has caused a dangerous plankton bloom(CBC Radio: As it happens) Oct. 15 2012

‘Rogue’ Geoengineering Scheme In Pacific Violated UN Rules, Groups Say (ENVIRONMENT 360) Oct. 15 2012

Here We Go Again With Dumping Iron Into the Ocean (Dr. M., Deep Sea News) Oct. 15 2012

Geoengineering experiment off B.C. coast called ‘blatant violation’ of UN rules. The experiment involves controversial Californian businessman Russ George. (Margaret Munro, The Vancouver Sun) Oct. 15 2012

Ocean Geoengineering Experiment Likely Broke International Law (Matt McDermott, Treehugger) Oct. 15 2012

A massive and illegal geoengineering project has been detected off Canada’s west coast (George Dvorsky, io9) Oct. 16 2012

Its livelihood gone, fishing village tries scheme to seed a barren sea (Mark Hume, The Globe and Mail) Oct. 16 2012

Iron fertilization project stirs West Coast controversy. Project intended to raise nutrient levels offshore for salmon population (CBC News) Oct. 16 2012

Geoengineering Nut Dumps Tons of Iron Into Ocean (Alyssa Danigelis, Seeker) Oct. 16 2012

Illegal Iron Dumping Spawns Huge Algal Bloom Seen from Space (Jeanna Bryner, Live Science) Oct. 16 2012

100 tonnes of iron sulphate dumped off Canada’s Pacific coast (Metro News) Oct. 16 2012

Haida Gwaii: ‘We have created life out there’: Iron-dust trial to foster sea life in B.C. waters arouses hope, horror (Judith LaVoie, Times Colonist) Oct. 16 2012

Geoengineering experiment off Canadian coast is the world’s largest ever (Alexander Besant, Global Post) Oct. 16 2012

World’s biggest geoengineering experiment ‘violates’ UN rules? (William M. Connolley, Sb Science Blog) Oct. 16 2012

When geoengineering goes rogue (Brad Plummer, Washington Post) Oct. 16 2012

Canadian government ‘knew of plans to dump iron into the Pacific’. Chief executive of company responsible for controversial geoengineering test implicates several departments. (Martin Lukacs, The Guardian) Oct. 17 2012

Covert Geoengineering – ETC Group on illegal geoengineering in Pacific (Radio Ecoshock) Oct. 17 2012

Independent geoengineer’s ocean field test condemned (Michael Marshall, New Scientist) Oct. 17 2012

Ignoring geoengineering at our peril (Sara Phillips, abc Net Environment) Oct. 17 2012

Ocean fertilization experiment gone wrong (Tripp, E. Marine Science Today) Oct 17, 2012

Russ George Releases 100 Tons Of Iron Into Pacific (Brett Smith, Red Orbit, Oct. 17 2012

Rogue Geoengineer Dumps 100 Tons of iron Off Canada’s West Coast. Geoengineering is always controversial, but it’s even more controversial when you don’t tell anyone first.  (Clay Dillow, Popular Science) Oct. 17 2012

OIF Accusations Fly at CBD COP11  (Josh, Horton, Blog Geoengineering Politics) Oct. 17 2012

Iron fertilization bloom in the north Pacific Ocean Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Service Center (Giovanni visualizations)

Environment Canada to probe ocean experiment on west coast (Ravena Aulakh, The Star) Oct. 17 2012

Haida company facing controversy over pacific ocean iron dust dump says its creating life (Jorge Barrera, APTN National News) Oct. 17 2012

Rogue Geoengineer Dumps 100 Tons of Iron into the Ocean (Steven Sparkman, Newsy) Oct. 17 2012

The council of the Haida Nations comments: “The consequences of tampering with the nature at this scale are not predictable and pose unacceptable risks to the marine environment.” Please see the “Statement from Council of Haida Nation Oct 18 2012.pdf” for more information.

UN agreement urges caution over geoengineering tests. Guidelines on the deployment of geoengineering have been agreed at the UN biodiversity summit in Hyderabad following intense negotiations. (Tierney Smith, RTCC) Oct. 18 2012

Canada Green leader warns against fertilizing seas (AFP) Oct. 18 2012

Rogue geoengineering experiment dumps 100 tonnes of iron into the Pacific (Avaaz Daily Briefing) Oct. 18 2012

ETC Group Goes After Canadian Government (Josh Horton, Blog: Geoengineering Politics) Oct. 18 2012

Canada’s government knew about the geohacking project off its Pacific coast (George Dvorsky, io9) Oct. 18 2012

Beware the rogue geoengineer (Melisssa Felder, Oct. 18 2012

A Rogue Climate Experiment Outrages Scientists (Henry Fountain, The New York Times) Oct. 18 2012

The First Geo-Vigilante (Michael Specter, The New Yorker) Oct. 18 2012

Rogue Dumping of Iron into Ocean Stirs Controversy (Stephanie Pappas, Live Science) Oct. 18 2012

Feds, Haida at odds over program over ocean fertilization program (Canadian Press) Oct. 18 2012

Contents of the Media package from our press conference on October 19, 2012. (Haida Salmon Restoration Corporation) Oct. 19 2012

Canada wins Dodo Award (Bob McDonald, CBC News) Oct. 19 2012

Ocean fertilization: ‘Rogue climate hacker’ Russ George raises storm of controversy (Margaret Munro, The Vancouver Sun) Oct. 19 2012

Businessman Russ George defends experiment seeding Pacific with iron sulphate (Mark Hume and Ian Bailey, The Globe and Mail, Oct. 19 2012

Haida leader explains why he voted against massive ocean fertilization project  (CBC) Oct. 19 2012

Iron dumping in the Pacific Ocean stirs controversy over geoengineering (Pappas, S., Huffington Post) Oct 19, 2012

Satellite imagery of the rogue Canadian iron dumping experiment (Goldstein, M. Deep Sea News) Oct. 19, 2012

US businessman defends controversial geoengineering experiment. Russ George says he has been under a ‘dark cloud of vilification’ following his ocean fertilisation test off Canada’s Pacific coast. (Martin Lukacs, The Guardian) Oct. 19 2012

Profitable climate fixes are too tempting for rogue geoengineers to resist. It is the politics of climate change – not the science of geoengineering – that has created the opportunity for controversial iron dump. (Adam Corner, The Guardian) Oct. 19 2012

Feds, Haida at odds over program that saw iron dust deposited in ocean (Kevin Drews, Edmonton Journal) Oct. 19 2012

West Coast ocean fertilization project defended. Dumping iron dust off B.C. coast violated no laws or treaties, leaders say (CBC News) Oct. 19 2012

Canadian Government Knew of Illegal Geoengineering Scheme (Mario A., Set You Free News) Oct. 19 2012

Will a Fishy Geoengineering Experiment Raise the Stakes of Global Environmental Law? It may have taken someone dumping iron into the ocean to make the world take notice (Bidisha Banerjee, Slate) Oct. 19 2012

Scientists warn deep ocean iron dump could have serious consequences for ocean (James Keller and Kevin Drews, Winnipeg Free Press) Oct. 19 2012

Native village defends ocean experiment; Canada launches probe (Nicole Mordant, Reuters & Chicago Tribune) Oct. 19 2012

US-Unternehmer düngt Ozean auf eigene Faust (Marcus Becker, Spiegel Online) Oct. 19 2012

Satellite imagery of the rogue Canadian iron dumping experiment (Miriam Goldstein, Deep Sea News) Oct. 19 2012

Replacing iron in sea not pollution, village says (Judith LaVoie, Times Colonist) Oct. 20 2012

Scientists warn iron dump could seriously harm ocean (James Keller and Kevin Drews, CTV News) Oct. 20 2012

Living Oceans Society releases new evidence Re: Old Masset Iron Fertilization Scheme (Karen Wristen, Living Oceans Society) Oct. 20 2012

Rogue geoengineer creates massive Pacific plankton bloom (Duncan Geere, – Science) Oct. 20 2012

Geoengineering Schemes Split Scientists. A do-it-yourself ocean-seedig plan landed one man in hot water, but credible geoengineering plans are getting a closer look. (Eric Niller, Discovery News, Oct. 21 2012

(German:) Umstrittenes Geoengineering-Projekt im Pazifik. Meeresdüngung entsetzt Umweltschützer. (Ocean fertilization horrified environmentalists. (Markus C. Schulte von Drach, Süddeutsche Zeitung) Oct. 21 2012

Iron dumping in Haida Gwaii done to sell carbon credits, group claims  (Zoe McKnight, Vancouver Sun, Oct. 22 2012

UN questions ocean seeding test project off coast of Haida Gwaii (Mark Hume, The Globe and Mail) Oct. 23 2012

Ocean-fertilization project off Canada sparks furor (Jeff Tollefson, Nature) Oct. 23 2012

Ocean Geoengineering: Serial Climate Hacking (Radio Ecoshock) Oct. 23 2012

Legal? Perhaps. But Controversial Fertilization Experiment May Produce Little Science (Robert F. Service, Science Inside) Oct. 23 2012

Scientists Eat Crow on Geoengineering Test. Me, Too (Michael D. Lemonickby, Climate Central, Oct. 23 2012

‘Fertilização’ de oceano reacende polêmica (Bruno Deiro, O Estado de S.Paulo (Brazil)) Oct. 24 2012

Can Controversial Ocean Iron Fertilization Save Salmon? (David Biello, Scientific American, Oct. 24 2012

Pacific Ocean Hacker speaks out. Is Russ George a “rogue geoengineer,” salmon savior or something else? (David Biello, Scientific American) Oct. 24 2012

Iron-fertilizing experiment took place in worst possible spot, say scientists. Impossible to determine how iron affected the study without proper isolation. (Zoe McKnight, Vancouver Sun) Oct. 24 2012

Haida iron-dumping project sought Swiss company to sell carbon creditst. Schoppmann & Partner Ag declined because they said there’s no market. (Zoe McKnight and Gordon Hoekstra, Vancouver Sun) Oct. 24 2012

Geoengineering project was about salmon fishery (New Scientist) Oct. 25 2012

Greatest risk of ocean experiment is that it will spawn more: critic (Dene Moore, Montreal Gazette, Oct. 25 2012

Designer of controversial ocean project tried similar experiment in the past (Mark Hume, The Globe and Mail) Oct. 25 2012

No to geo-engineering (Editors Opinion, The Observer) Oct. 26 2012

Geoengineering: Testing the Waters (Naomi Klein, The New York Times) Oct. 28 2012

Investigations of Russ George’s Activities (Steven B. Krivit, New Energy Times) October 2012

B.C. geoengineering experiment attracts worldwide attention at UN / Haida Gwaii iron dumping hot topic as nations negotiate international geoengineering treaty (Dene Moore, Canadian Press) Oct.  28 2012

(German:) Privates Eisenduengungs-Experiment vor Kanada (Private Iron Fertilization Experiment in Canada) (Stephanie Lahrtz, Neue Zuericher Zeitung) Oct. 29 2012

Controversy over ocean geoengineering experiment (article + audio) (Radio Canada International) Oct. 29 2012

Geoengineering trouble: Iron fertilization project denounced by scientists and activists (Tom Ingram, The Manitoban) Oct. 29 2012

Ottawa says it knew nothing of ocean fertilization project (Sandy Hall, CFJC TV) Oct. 1292012

Ottawa attacks Haida’s ‘rogue science’ experiment. Alleged violation of Environmental Protection Act probed. (Peter O'Neil and Dene Moore, The Canadian Press (in Vancouver Sun and the NOW)) Oct. 30 2012

Ocean Fertilization Could be a Boon to Fish Stocks (Ron Johnson, Earth Island Journal) Oct. 31 2012

Geoengineering experiments come to the forefront (Natalia Real, Fish Information & Services (FIS)) Nov. 02 2012

UN expresses ‘grave concern’ over B.C. sea experiment (Kevin Drews, The Globe and Mail) Nov. 02 2012

Iron dumping off B.C. draws UN group's condemnation (The Canadian Press): Nov 03, 2012 

UN group clashes with First Nation over iron dumping (Judith LaVoie with Canadian Press, Times Colonist) Nov. 03 2012

Geoengineering the Ocean off Haida Gwaii: A False Solution to Real Problems (Eduardo Sousa, Greenpeace Canada) Nov. 05 2012

American businessman’s controversial ocean fertilization scheme off Canada’s west coast in breach of at least two UN conventions. (Ynet News) Nov. 06 2012

UN group issues statement of concern over iron dumping off B.C.’s north coast (Kevin Drews, Nov. 06 2012

Can dumping iron into the sea fight climate change? (Martin Kaste, npr) Nov. 07 2012

NPR drops the ball on BC iron dump (Oceanographer’s Choice, Blog commenting the npr story by Martin Kaste) Nov. 07 2012

Mixing iron into the North Pacific stirs geo-engineering controversy (Peter Strutton, Nov. 08 2012

Geo-engineering and mad scientists (Binoy Kampmark, Independent Australia) Dec. 01 2012

Rogue geoengineering could ‘hijack’ world’s climate (John Vidal, The Guardian) Jan. 01 2013

The Greens’ Attack on Mariculture (Robert Zubrin, National Review) Jan. 03 2013

To Revive Dying Oceans, Try Sinking a Bunch of Trees (Greg Thomas)  Feb.02 2013

False solutions to real problems (Eduardo Sousa, the Mark) Feb. 04 2013

Is iron sprinkling the best solution for our oceans?  (David Clements, Langley Times) Feb. 04 2013

Questions, comments at ocean fertilization meetings in Skidegate, Masset (QCI Observer) Mar. 09 2013

Geoengineering Research Needs Better Guidelines, Climate Change Experts Say (Lauren Morello, Huffington Post) Mar. 17 2013

B.C. company at centre of iron dumping scandal stands by its convictions (McKnight, Z., Vancouver Sun) Sept. 4, 2013