Talk slides and recordings will be available soon.
Carbon fluxes in coastal wetlands (Monday)
Organizers: Chris Osburn (NCSU), Z. Aleck Wang (WHOI), Maria Tzortziou (CUNY), Kevin Kroeger (USGS)
Coastal wetlands (e.g., salt marshes, mangroves, tidal freshwater wetlands, and sea grass beds) exhibit high rates of carbon assimilation, storage and fluxes. These ecosystems provide a wide range of services, including carbon sequestration, coastal protection, habitat provision and nutrient and sediment regulation. Recent studies demonstrate that coastal wetlands play important roles in global and regional carbon cycles and exert significant influences on the biogeochemistry of the coastal ocean. Large uncertainties remain, however, about coastal wetland carbon biogeochemistry and fluxes due to their highly heterogeneous and dynamic nature, as well as their susceptibility to human pressures and climate change. This session will highlight new state-of-the-art observational, analytical, modeling, and large-scale assessment approaches being used to quantify and constrain carbon fluxes in coastal wetland systems, including exchange fluxes at critical boundaries such as air-water, sediment-water, and wetland-ocean interfaces. This session will kick off with presentations by invited speakers Ray Najjar (Penn State) and Lisamarie Windham-Myers (USGS). The remainder of the session will include a combination of lightning presentations by OCB workshop participants and open group discussion on the topics of internal cycling, lateral fluxes and exchanges, vertical fluxes and exchanges, and regional-scale modeling efforts.
Ecological and biogeochemical impacts of natural climate perturbation (Tuesday morning)
Organizer: Andrew Barton (SIO)
Projected anthropogenic climate change over the coming century is likely to impact marine ecosystems and biogeochemical cycles in marked and various ways. In addition to this anticipated change, natural modes of climate variability have been found in the past to influence marine ecosystems and biogeochemical cycles on human-relevant timescales. In some cases, the magnitude of natural perturbations and potential consequences may exceed the anticipated effects from climate warming over the coming century. Speakers in this session will examine the ecological and biogeochemical consequences of natural modes of climate variability, including El Niño-Southern Oscillation, the Pacific Decadal Oscillation, the North Atlantic Oscillation, and others. Invited talks will discuss links between climate variability and changes in a broad range of organisms and trophic levels, from plankton to top-level predators, and connect these ecological changes to biogeochemical variability. Confirmed speakers for this session include Thomas Frölicher (ETH Zurich), Andy Pershing (GMRI), Julie Keister (UW), and Phoebe Woodward-Jefcoats (NOAA).
Mesoscale and submesoscale physical-biological-biogeochemical interactions (Tuesday afternoon)
Organizers: Andrea Fassbender (MBARI) and Dennis McGillicuddy (WHOI)
This session will address mesoscale and submesoscale dynamics and the physical-biological-biogeochemical interactions that occur over the associated space and time scales. Speakers will present research on the role of physical circulation features in the distributions of chemical constituents and organisms in coastal and open ocean regions. Both observational and modeling perspectives will be included in the discussion of how physical processes influence the transport of material and the biological pump. Confirmed speakers for this session include Peter Gaube (APL-UW), Melissa Omand (URI), Peter Franks (SIO), Annie Bourbonnais (WHOI), and Sophie Clayton (UW).
Stoichiometry and higher trophic levels (Wednesday)
Organizers: Debbie Steinberg (VIMS) and Mike Roman (UMCES)
Ecological stoichiometry considers how the balance of C,N,P, and other chemical elements affects, and is affected by, organisms and their interactions. The majority of research on this subject in marine ecosystems has focused on primary producers; in this session we highlight the role of consumers in carbon and nutrient cycling. The affects of food quality or diet (e.g., mixotrophy) on elemental balance, the importance of stoichiometry for the biological pump, and effects on fisheries production will be addressed using examples from both marine and freshwater ecosystems. Confirmed speakers for this session include Bob Sterner (Large Lakes Observatory, Univ. Minnesota, Duluth), Tom Anderson (NOC), Carla Atkinson (Univ. Alabama), Sigrún Jonasdottir (DTU), and Patricia Glibert (UMCES).
Our autonomous future (Thursday morning)
Organizers: David Siegel (UCSB) and Jessica Cross (NOAA/PMEL)
Ocean robots such as autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) and remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) have been a game changer for 21st century oceanography, greatly expanding our capacity in space and time to measure and explore the ocean. This session will highlight existing and visionary technologies that hold great promise for advancing OCB science, including in situ manipulation and exploration of the mesopelagic, remote molecular probes to detect microorganisms in real-time, autonomous robotic networks to quantify biogeochemical fluxes and other key ecosystem parameters, and underwater imaging technology to assess particle size spectra. Confirmed speakers for this session include Oscar Schofield (Rutgers), Dana Yoerger (WHOI), Kakani Katija (MBARI), Craig Lee (APL-UW), Alexander Bochdansky (ODU), Jessica Cross (NOAA/PMEL), and Francisco Chavez (MBARI).