Woods Hole Sea Grant has identified the revitalization of our nation’s fisheries and sustainable aquaculture as priorityareas that fit within the capacity of the academic and research environment within the region served by our program. It is our belief that these two priority areas are very closely linked technologically and culturally within New England and thus we are approaching these areas as a unified and coordinated effort. The program elements include:
- development of technology and programs to promote stock enhancement of natural fish and shellfish resources, including mechanisms to evaluate the efficacy of enhancement programs and the overall effectiveness of such programs;
- investigation of larval recruitment processes for fish and shellfish and development of means to understand the relationship between recruitment and physical and chemical characteristics of the environment;
- investigation of disease processes in marine organisms with an emphasis on prophylactics and management of diseased stocks to minimize economic losses to the natural fisheries and aquaculture industries; and
- promotion of business and industrial development through expanding efforts in coastal management and through understanding of the economics of marine related businesses.
Extension and outreach efforts that support the Sustainable Fisheries and Aquaculture focus area include:
- providing technical information to local natural resource managers and harvesters to manage the fisheries resources for continued sustainable production;
- assisting the regional aquaculture industry as a growing contributor to the local economy and to the national and global production of farmed marine products in an environmentally sustained manner;
- conducting teacher workshops and a training course on aquaculture; and
- distributing extension bulletins and other information on seafood production. New techniques and approaches will be added to this portfolio as new harvesting and resource management techniques are explored and developed.
- Joel Llopiz and Rubao Ji, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Martha Hauff, Stonehill College, and Hannes Baumann, University of Connecticut: Source-sink dynamics and habitat modeling of northern sand lance on Stellwagen Bank and Nantucket Shoals
- Di Jin, Porter Hoagland, and Hauke Kite-Powell, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution: Valuation of ecosystem benefits of living shorelines
- Jefferson Turner, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth:
Harmful phytoplankton blooms in Buzzards Bay, Mass.
- Daniel Rogers (Stonehill College) and Virginia Edgecomb (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution): Understanding the impact of floating oyster aquaculture on the carbon and nitrogen flux to the sediments using natural abundance isotopic surveys and metagenomic approaches
- Michael Brosnahan, Don Anderson, Heidi Sosik, Rob Olson (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution): Enhanced monitoring and spatial mapping of toxic algal blooms.
- Diane Murphy (Cape Cod Cooperative Extension), Read Porter (Roger Williams University), Rebecca Kihslinger (Environmental Law Institute) and Michael Tlusty (New England Aquarium): Creating a spatially defined tool for marine aquaculture siting and permitting
- Scott Lindell (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution): Integrating mussel and kelp longline culture structures and management
- Jeannette Wheeler, Lauren Mullineaux, and Karl Helfrich, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution: Behavioral responses of competent larval oysters (Crassostrea virginica) to chemical settlement cue in turbulent flow
- Joel Llopiz, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution: Beyond fish passage: Variability in nursery habitat and its influence on the feeding, growth, and survival of the early life stages of river herring
- Roxanne Smolowitz, Roger Williams University, Hauke Kite-Powell, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, and John Brawley, Saquish Scientific: Research to inform regulatory decisions on the management of Vp in Massachusetts Shellfish growing areas (NSI Aquaculture Research)
- James Churchill, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, and Geoffrey Cowles, University of Massachusetts-Dartmouth: Modeling as a Tool to Better Understand Bay Scallop Recruitment and to Manage Bay Scallop Populations
- Scott Lindell, Marine Biological Laboratory, and Charles Yarish, University of Connecticut: Multi-Cropping Shellfish and Macroalgae for Business and Bio-Extraction
- Lauren Mullineaux and Meredith White, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution: Transgenerational Exposure of Bay Scallops to Ocean Acidification
- Simon Thorrold and Joel Llopiz, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution: Investigating Decadal-Scale Changes at the Base of the Georges Bank Food Web Through the Use of Compound-Specific Stable Isotope Analyses of Haddock Scales